Instantly recognizable with his iconic eye patch, Moshe Dayan (1915–1981) was one of Israel’s most charismatic—and controversial—personalities. As a youth he earned the reputation of a fearless warrior, and in later years as a leading military tactician, admired by peers and enemies alike. As chief of staff during the 1956 Sinai Campaign and as minister of defense during the 1967 Six Day War, Dayan led the Israel Defense Forces to stunning military victories. But in the aftermath of the bungled 1973 Yom Kippur War, he shared the blame for operational mistakes and retired from the government. He later proved himself a principled and talented diplomat, playing an integral role in peace negotiations with Egypt.

In this biography, Mordechai Bar-On, Dayan’s IDF bureau chief, offers an intimate view of Dayan’s private life, public career, and political controversies, set against an original analysis of Israel’s political environment from pre-Mandate Palestine through the early 1980s.